First World War Timeline of significant events

1921
15 May 1921

Royal British Legion formed.

The British Legion was formed on 15 May 1921, bringing together four national organisations of ex-Servicemen that had established themselves after the First World War.

1920
11 November 1920

Burial of Unknown Warrior at Westminster Cathedral

1919
19 July 1919

Cenotaph unveiled in London.

At first a temporary wooden structure, it is replaced in 1920 by the current version.

28 June 1919

Treaty of Versailles signed.

(Exactly 5 years after the assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, at Sarajevo)

21 June 1919

Surrendered German naval fleet scuttled at Scapa Flow, Orkney.

06 May 1919

Conference disposes of German colonies.

25 January 1919

Conference accepts principle of League of Nations.

18 January 1919

Peace conference meets in Paris.

1918
13 December 1918

American troops cross the Rhine and occupy the bridgehead at Coblenz

12 December 1918

British troops cross the Rhine and occupy Cologne

01 December 1918

British troops enter Germany

21 November 1918

German Navy surrenders

Nine battleships, seven cruisers, five battle cruisers and 49 destroyers surrender at Rosyth. 39 U-boats surrender at Harwich.

14 November 1918

German forces surrender in East Africa

11 November 1918

Armistice Day

British capture Mons before dawn. Germany signs an armistice with the Allies at 5.10 am, agreeing to the punitive terms to end the War. The agreement comes into effect at 11am. The last British soldier to be killed in the War was Private George Edwin Ellison of the 5th Royal…

09 November 1918

Kaiser William II abdicates and flees to Holland

Revolution begins in Berlin.

08 November 1918

Armistice negotiations begin

The German peace delegation arrives at a railway siding in Compiegne Forest to negotiate the terms for an armistice. The Allies are in no mood to negotiate. Allied Supreme Commander, Ferdinand Foch, is there to dictate the terms to the Germans. The situation in Germany is desperate, the country faces…

03 November 1918

Austro-Hungary signs an armistice

Austro-Hungary signs an armistice with the Allies leaving Germany isolated in the War. German Navy mutinies at Kiel.

30 October 1918

Sailors in the German High Seas Fleet at Jade mutiny and refuse to obey a German Admiralty order to engage the British fleet.

30 October 1918

Turkish army surrenders.

Turkey signs an armistice with the Allies after surrendering to the British in Mesopotamia.

26 October 1918

General von Ludendorff resigns